Kubix - international projects and activities
Supporting continuing professional development of in-company trainers (2014)
The aim of the study for Cedefop is to improve the understanding of policies and practice that support the quality of training in enterprises through the development and updating of in-company trainers competences in Europe.
To achieve this goal a thorough review of recent developments of policy and prac-tice to develop competences of in-company trainers in the Member States (EU28) and a survey of employers and in-company trainers in 8 countries will be carried out. The countries in the study have been selected to represent different types of welfare states (coordinated, liberal, social-democratic, familaristic) and Lifelong Learning Systems, accounting for differences of training activities of firms.
To take sector differences into account potential sectors have been screened ac-cording to e.g. importance for economic recovery; high replacement skill needs; different labor market characteristics. Two sectors – within manufacturing and ser-vice - with high (motor vehicles and IT services) and low average training activities (construction along with hotels and restaurants) have been selected.
Kubix will carry out the study in Denmark. The selection of Danish companies will be made at random from companies approved for educating apprentices. The selection will furthermore be made to represent various company sizes (with 1 to 250 employees) within each sector. The study will use the CATI method which entails a telephone interview (as means to fill out a questionnaire) with a manager and an in-company trainer from each chosen company. The research questions are outlined by 3s Unternehmensberatung GmbH but linguistically adapted for the Danish interviews.
Quality approaches in Learning and Training patterns in European small firms (2013-2014)
The overall aim of the Cedefop study is to acquire a better understanding of the reasons and ways micro/small firms in Europe provide training / up-skilling to their employees and to formulate proposal on how best they could be supported in this field.
Kubix participates in a consortium with Forschungsinstitut Betriebliche Bildung (f-bb) gGmbH, SCIENTER S. Cons. a r.l. and Budapest University of Technology and Economics – BUTE. The consortium conducts interviews and cases in 29 countries in Europe. Kubix will be in charge of the research and analyses in the Nordic countries.
The project comprises four phases:
- Inception activities (fine-tuning methodology, quality plan, meetings etc)
- Desk research (literature review, re-analysis of main statistical data sources and studies, workshop)
- Field research (structured interview with national stakeholders, validation of country reviews and sectoral analysis, case studies)
- Integration and recommendations (comparative analyses of country reports and sectoral analysis, in-depth analyses of the case studies, elaboration of recommendations)
Changing Qualifications. A review of qualifications, policies and practices (2008-2010)
This Cedefop study aims to review changes in qualifications systems and indications of future trends in this field. There have been significant developments in qualifications systems over the last few years and there are signs that these structural changes are a result of pressure for more transparent and responsive qualifications.
Learning is fundamentally important and has profound effects on people, businesses, societies and economies. All kinds of learning, in all kinds of settings, have value for every individual in terms of their self-knowledge and their interaction with their environment. However, many benefits to learning arise from the formal valuing accredited to it by competent bodies in governments, businesses, learning providers and communities; qualification is regarded by many as the main means by which learning is recognised.
Kubix has participated in the transnational project team under the leadership of Cambridge Assessment and has carried out the in depth study of the development in Denmark.
Changing Qualifications. A review of qualifications, policies and practices
Download the report here
This report aims to provide a comprehensive overview of qualifications and qualifi-cations systems and draws on extensive evidence. It also considers the implications of current trends in qualifications design and use. Readers wishing to examine the summaries of evidence of qualification use and developments in qualifications systems should look at Chapters 2 (literature sources), 3 (national sources) and 4 (outcomes of other Cedefop studies). Readers wishing to gain full understanding of what might be changing in terms of qualifications and systems and some possible reasons why this change is happening should read Chapter 5. Some scenarios for futures of qualifications systems and implications for policy-makers are included in Chapter 6. Readers wanting a high-level synthesis of what all this work could mean are advised to read Chapter 7. Chapter 1 provides a practical and theoretical underpinning to the study.
Participative Development (2009)
Bruno Clematide, in Rauner, Felix & Rupert MacLean: Handbook of Technical and Vocational Education and Training Research (2009), Springer
In his contribution Bruno Clematide describes participative development as one of the methods in the chapter on experimentation and development in the handbook of technical and vocational education and training research.
The contribution describes three different arenas of Learning in Participative Development – learning during the interplay between researchers and practitioners, learning among practitioners and learning between researchers.
The genesis of participative development is developed in the article, and illustrative examples from the Danish VET context are given. Finally some criticism is mentioned ending up in the conclusion that participative development as a research method can contribute to new theoretical insights and at the same time be able to influence practice.
10-12 entries to the Danish VET system (2007)
The Danish Ministry of Education has asked Kubix to suggest new entries to the Danish VET system. The basis for these suggestions was an assessment of similarities in work functions and competencies.
Kubix has obtained inspiration from Norway and Germany as well as from a range of Danish educationalists. Work functions are attached to the tasks and working modalities carried out in each particular profession. Shared competencies are related to the professional competencies.
A first proposal was presented and discussed at a meeting with the Advisory Council for Initial Vocational Education and Training – the social partners at national level. The participants were urged to submit remarks and proposed amendments to Kubix. From these submissions Kubix developed two models of future entries based on work functions and shared competencies. The Danish Ministry of Education and the Advisory Council for Initial Vocational Education and Training afterwards agreed on the following entries:
• animals, plants and nature
• body and style
• building and construction
• cars, aeroplanes and other means of transport
• electricity, controlling and computer technology
• facility service
• food production, processing and preparation
• media production
• production and development
• transport and logistics
• health, care and pedagogies.
Educational profile and training needs of teachers in Adult Vocational Training (2007)
In recent years the Adult Vocational Training programme has gone through considerable changes. The educational institutions have experienced reforms, amalgamations, dismissals and generational change among the teachers. At the same time, rapid societal changes require new courses and new content of the many existing ones. All aspects are apt to influence on the notion of an Adult Vocational Training teacher in 2007.
The Danish Ministry of Education has requested Kubix to define such a profile on the basis of a solid analysis. The goal of such a profile is aimed at having the education of the teachers specified in order to match the teacher corpse and meet the current needs of the Adult Vocational Training system.
The assessment included a questionnaire to all Adult Vocational Training providers in Denmark along with case studies at a variety of schools – technical colleges, commercial schools, combination schools, Adult Vocational Training centres, agricultural schools, university colleges, public health schools and private providers of vocational training.
The assessment points out four profiles of Adult Vocational Training teachers and draws attention to how the current challenges are bound to affect these profiles. The assessment suggests that the Adult Vocational Training teacher will become both more general and more specialized. Moreover, the assessment suggests the educational needs of the teachers and emphasizes that learning does not only take place while participating in external training but primarily by the facilitation of learning processes on a daily basis at the school.
Competency Development Partnership (2005-2008)
Four educational institutions – Aarhus Technical College, AMU North Jutland, AMU South Denmark and Technical Education Copenhagen – have completed a major joint project aimed at enhancing the relations with enterprises and public institutions. The goal has been to transform the educational institutions from being training providers only to become partners in the strategic competency development of the companies. The prevalent customer/supplier relation is to be supplemented by partnerships in which enterprises and educational institutions interfere in each others affairs in order to work collaboratively when planning competency development.
The project 'Competency Development Partnership' has included developing and testing new ways of mutual cooperation with enterprises. The educational institutions have gained comprehensive understanding of the strategic reflections and development plans of the enterprises enabling them to assist the companies in the competency development of all staff.
A core element of the project has been to make the internal organization of the educational institutions ready for the new collaboration. Naturally, the organization of most educational institutions is permeated by the traditional role as supplier of education: The role of the individual teacher carries a lot of weight. Planning is often carried out according to weekly schemes as is the case with ordinary adult vocational training programmes. Often, very few opportunities are given for knowledge sharing across professional divisions and organizational entities.
The project has put weak and strong sides of the organization of the educational institutions into the limelight. As an example, the educational institutions have developed various models for the internal organization of the partnerships. This work has entailed the establishment of cross organizational fora and meeting modalities allowing discussion and sharing of tasks and issues related to the new partnerships. A vital instrument in this regard has been defining the function of an anchor person coordinating the respective efforts of the partnerships.
The objective of the internal work organization has been to create an organization able to match the new tasks evolving from the establishment of partnerships with enterprises.
Kubix has been sparring partner for the four educational institutions. Kubix has carried out internal assessments of the learning space in the educational institutions and has acted as process consultants in the internal organizational development. In addition, Kubix has taken part in the cross cutting development of methods including a number of seminars for stakeholders and managers besides network meetings among educational institutions and the participating companies. Kubix has also been responsible for the subsequent presentation of learning derived from the project.
The project was funded by the European Social Fund.
Workplace Learning (2001-2006)
Approximately ten researchers from Roskilde University Centre, Copenhagen School of Business, the Danish University of Education, Aalborg University, and Kubix have formed a group of senior researchers in the framework of Learning Lab Denmark.
It has been the predominant purpose of the "Workplace Learning" consortium to investigate, initiate, develop and communicate projects and conditions concerning vocational learning processes and competence development for adults. The core activities of the consortium have been to explore the learning processes that take place, when workers develop competencies on-the-job and in the formal educational system, and especially the interaction between the two learning arenas.
This research is embedded in Learning Lab Denmark.
Pernille Bottrup and Bruno Clematide, Kubix, have written the following conference papers:
Clematide, Bruno (2004): Orchestrated workplace learning Download.
Bottrup, Pernille (2004): Learning in network – a third way of learning between school learning and work place learning
Bottrup, Pernille & Clematide Bruno (2005): Workplace learning from the perspective of institutionalized learning
VET-research and development (2004-2006)
Kubix regularly participates in Danish and International research and development on Vocational Education and Training. In English the following publications are available.
Challenges for the Danish VET-system - on the path towards a future model
By Bruno Clematide (Kubix), Astrid Dahl & Anders Vind (Danish Confederation of Trade Unions), Christian Helms Joergensen (Roskilde University)
This contribution has been published in German in a slightly adjusted version:
Bruno Clematide (Kubix), Astrid Dahl & Anders Vind (Danish Confederation of Trade Unions), Christian Helms Joergensen (Roskilde University) Das Berufsbildungssystem Dänemarks – Anforderungen an ein Modell der Zukunft in 'Europäisierung der Ausbildung', Forschungsinstitut Betriebliche Bildung, Bertelsmann Verlag 2006.
Sustainability at the workplace (2001-2004)
The booklet 'Sustainability at the workplace' (2004 ISBN 87-7735-694-2) is part of a number of booklets in Danish from the project The sustainable workplace launched by The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO). An important precondition for creating sustainability is that workplaces take on a greater share to responsibility vis-à-vis society. Therefore, LO has made this effort one of its high-priority objectives.
The booklet is targeted at shop stewards in the trade union movement. It is about the specific tasks to carry out in order to make your workplace more sustainable. If the right approach is taken, sustainability efforts represent an asset, both to the individual workplace and to society as such.
Among others the booklet tries to answer the following questions:
- What is sustainability at the workplace?
- What are the advantages of sustainable workplaces?
- Are we in step?
- How do conflicts and dilemmas arise?
- Are visions and everyday life compatible?
- How do we get started at the workplace?
Kubix worked on the three year long project as consultants for the educational institutions and the workplaces and as sparring partner for LO in the development of concepts and tools. Together with LO Kubix wrote a number of thematic publications in Danish.
The project involved 16 private and public workplaces and educational institutions.
Integrated delivery of CVT (1998-2000)
Coordination of an Adapt financed development and implementation of a new concept for the Danish AMU system with sparring from and dissemination to QCA, UK; Studio Meta, Italy; CEDEFOP; WIFO Berlin; ZAP, Germany.
A homepage about this work is available on the web, as part of a growing
family of thematic resource bases related to Cedra/ERO.
Integrated Delivery of Continuing Vocational Training in Danish AMU-system - Concept, Focal Points and images
link to the puplication.
Qualifications, competences and learning environments for the future: analyses of the development of three parallel approaches (2002)
Tim Oates, Pier Giovanni Bresciani and Bruno Clematide.
In Transformation of learning in education and training, Key qualifications revisited, Kämäräinen, Atwell and Brown (eds), Cedefop Reference series 37, 2002.
Manual for Continuing Learning processes (1999-2000)
Coordination of a Leonardo project on how to keep dynamics from pilot projects after the project period. Results are presented in a CD-ROM with a catalogue of ideas regarding factors hindering and promoting continuing learning processes. With partners from Germany, Iceland, Norway, and Denmark.
Real and viable alternance for the individual learner (1998-2000)
Coordination of a Leonardo project for European Trade Union Committee for Education (ETUCE) with the partners bfz Bildungsforschung Nürnberg and the Unión General de Trabajadores of Spain.
Real and viable alternance for the individual learner/Une alternance réelle et viable pour chaque apprenant (2000)
Bruno Clematide and Mette Fink-Nielsen, Kubix, in cooperation with ETUCE, bfz Bildungsforschung og Unión General de Trabajadores. København, ISBN 87-90961-01-3.
Please order the publication at Kubix, tel +45 33 32 33 52.
Competitive and sustainable production and related service industries in Europe: challenges and objectives for EU research policy (2000-2001)
Bruno Clematide, Kubix, has been a member of the DG Research expert group "Competitive and sustainable production and related service industries in Europe: challenges and objectives for EU research policy". The expert group should provide concrete and operational guidance for the definition of an effective EU research and innovation policy, aimed at promoting the competitiveness and sustainable growth of traditional industrial production sectors in Europe. Visit the site sustainable production here.
The work of the expert group has resulted in the following publication:
Sustainable Production - challenges & objectives for EU Research Policy, EUR 19880. European Communities, 2001.
The publication can be obtained by contacting email@example.com,
or download the publication here.
Kubix, has been a member of the Steering Committee of CEDEFOP’s project on Key Qualifications.